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IRS tax forms - Wikipedia

Main article: Form 1040

Form 1040, U.S. Individual Income Tax Return, is one of three forms (1040 [the "Long Form"], 1040A [the "Short Form"] and 1040EZ - see below for explanations of each) used for personal (individual) federal income tax returns filed with the IRS. The first Form 1040 was published for use for the tax years 1913, 1914, and 1915. For 1916, Form 1040 was converted to an annual...

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Date: 2018-04-05 08:38:24

State income tax - Wikipedia

Forty-three states impose a tax on the income of individuals, sometimes referred to as personal income tax. State income tax rates vary widely from state to state. The states imposing an income tax on individuals tax all taxable income (as defined in the state) of residents. Such residents are allowed a credit for taxes paid to other states. Most states tax income of nonresidents earned within...

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Date: 2018-04-03 05:21:33

Federal Insurance Contributions Act tax - Wikipedia

The Center on Budget and Policy Priorities states that three-quarters of taxpayers pay more in payroll taxes than they do in income taxes. [8] The FICA tax is considered a regressive tax on income with no standard deduction or personal exemption deduction. The Social Security portion of the tax is imposed on the first $117,000 in 2014, $118,500 in 2015 and 2016, $127,200 in 2017, and $128,400 in...

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Date: 2018-04-03 05:20:53

Income taxes in Canada - Wikipedia

History[ edit ]

Unlike the United Kingdom and the United States , Canada avoided charging an income tax prior to the First World War . The lack of income tax was seen as a key component in Canada's efforts to attract immigrants as Canada offered a lower tax regime compared to almost every other country. Prior to the war, Canadian federal governments relied on tariffs and customs income under the...

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Date: 2018-04-03 02:15:40

Pay-as-you-earn tax - Wikipedia

Origins[ edit ]

Devised by Sir Paul Chambers , PAYE was introduced into the UK in 1944, [1] following trials in 1940-1941. As with many of the United Kingdom's institutional arrangements, the way in which the state collects income tax through PAYE owes much of its form and structure to the peculiarities of the era in which it was devised. The financial strain that the Second World War placed upon...

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Date: 2018-04-03 05:20:37

Pay-as-you-earn tax - Wikipedia

Origins[ edit ]

Devised by Sir Paul Chambers , PAYE was introduced into the UK in 1944, [1] following trials in 1940-1941. As with many of the United Kingdom's institutional arrangements, the way in which the state collects income tax through PAYE owes much of its form and structure to the peculiarities of the era in which it was devised. The financial strain that the Second World War placed upon...

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Date: 2018-04-03 05:20:37

Pay-as-you-earn tax - Wikipedia

Origins[ edit ]

Devised by Sir Paul Chambers , PAYE was introduced into the UK in 1944, [1] following trials in 1940-1941. As with many of the United Kingdom's institutional arrangements, the way in which the state collects income tax through PAYE owes much of its form and structure to the peculiarities of the era in which it was devised. The financial strain that the Second World War placed upon...

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Date: 2018-04-03 05:20:37

Tax refund - Wikipedia

United States[ edit ]

According to the Internal Revenue Service , 77% of tax returns filed in 2004 resulted in a refund check , with the average refund check being $2,100. [1] In 2011, the average tax refund was $2,913. [2] [3] Taxpayers may choose to have their refund directly deposited into their bank account , have a check mailed to them, or have their refund applied to the following year's...

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Date: 2018-04-03 19:18:18

Flat tax - Wikipedia

Flat tax proposals differ in how the subject of the tax is defined.

True flat rate income tax[ edit ]

A true flat rate tax is a system of taxation where one tax rate is applied to all personal income with no deductions.

Marginal flat tax[ edit ]

Where deductions are allowed, a 'flat tax' is a progressive tax with the special characteristic that, above the maximum deduction, the marginal rate on...

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Date: 2018-04-03 05:20:05

Tax withholding in the United States - Wikipedia

Tax withholding in the United States

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Three key types of withholding tax are imposed at various levels in the United States:

Wage withholding taxes, [1]

Withholding tax on payments to foreign persons, and

Backup withholding on dividends and interest.

The amount of tax withheld is based on the amount of payment subject to tax. Withholding of tax on wages...

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Date: 2018-04-03 05:21:36

Tax-free shopping - Wikipedia

Refund[ edit ]

The refunded amount corresponds to the VAT or GST paid and in which country the traveller buys goods. VAT/GST is a tax added to the cost of a product, calculated as a percentage of the products retail price. Often in Europe the ticket price includes VAT, this is less often the case in the US. As an example, if the VAT rate on a product is 20% and the ticket price is displayed as...

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Date: 2018-03-28 02:28:32

Corporate tax - Wikipedia

51%

Other corporate events[ edit ]

Many systems provide that certain corporate events are not taxable to corporations or shareholders. Significant restrictions and special rules often apply. The rules related to such transactions are often quite complex.

Formation[ edit ]

Most systems treat the formation of a corporation by a controlling corporate shareholder as a nontaxable event. Many systems,...

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Date: 2018-04-03 05:21:10

IRS penalties - Wikipedia

12 References

Underestimate and late payment penalties[ edit ]

Taxpayers are required to have withholding of tax or make quarterly estimated tax payments before the end of the tax year. Because accurate estimation requires accurate prediction of the future, taxpayers sometimes underestimate the amount due. The penalty for paying too little estimated tax or having too little tax withheld is...

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Date: 2018-03-20 18:26:20

Taxation in Australia - Wikipedia

History[ edit ]

When the first Governor, Governor Phillip , arrived in New South Wales in 1788, he had a Royal Instruction that gave him power to impose taxation if the colony needed it. The first taxes in Australia were raised to help pay for the completion of Sydney's first gaol and provide for the orphans of the colony. Import duties were put on spirits, wine and beer and later on luxury...

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Date: 2018-04-03 05:22:57

Tax return (United States) - Wikipedia

Under the Internal Revenue Code returns can be classified as either tax returns or information returns, although the term "tax return" is sometimes used to describe both kinds of returns in a broad sense. Tax returns, in the more narrow sense, are reports of tax liabilities and payments, often including financial information used to compute the tax. A very common federal tax form is IRS Form 1040...

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Date: 2018-04-05 14:08:04

Use tax - Wikipedia

Use Tax Payable

$10

The U.S. Census Bureau [4] reported in 2014, $271.3 billion dollars in sales and gross receipts were collected by the 45 states that collect sales and use taxes; 33 of the 45 states increased collections year over year. Sales and use taxes combined account for 32% of all taxes collected by all states, second only to personal income tax collections. The states themselves...

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Date: 2018-03-20 14:13:52

Income tax - Wikipedia

William Pitt the Younger introduced a progressive income tax in 1798.

The inception date of the modern income tax is typically accepted as 1799, [5] at the suggestion of Henry Beeke , the future Dean of Bristol . [6] This income tax was introduced into Great Britain by Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger in his budget of December 1798, to pay for weapons and equipment for the French...

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Date: 2018-04-03 05:20:06

Taxation in Germany - Wikipedia

Income from letting property

Miscellaneous income.

If a taxpayer's income does not fall into any of these categories, then it is not subject to income tax. This includes winnings at a lottery, for example.

Income tax[ edit ]

German income tax rate in 2010 as a function of taxable income

The rate of income tax in Germany ranges from 0% to 45%. The German income tax is a progressive tax , which...

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Date: 2018-04-04 16:16:32

Sales tax - Wikipedia

Types[ edit ]

Cash register receipt showing sales tax of 8.5%

Conventional or retail sales tax is levied on the sale of a good to its final end user and is charged every time that item is sold retail. Sales to businesses that later resell the goods are not charged the tax. A purchaser not an end user is usually issued a " resale certificate " by the taxing authority and required to provide the...

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Date: 2018-04-03 05:20:33

Taxation in New Zealand - Wikipedia

Hong Kong

Russian Federation

Some agreements protect pension payments as well. The agreement with the United States, for example, prohibits New Zealand from taxing American social security or government pension payments, and the reverse is also true. [14]

ACC earner's levy[ edit ]

All employees pay an earner's levy to cover the cost of non-work related injuries. It is collected by Inland Revenue...

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Date: 2018-04-05 20:48:30

Working Tax Credit - Wikipedia

Working Tax Credit (WTC) and the Child Tax Credit (CTC) are made up of "elements" related to individual circumstances. Examples of elements for an entire year are: [3]

a basic element of £1,890 payable to everyone (in 2009/10)

a couple and lone parent element (£1,860)

a 30 hour [working week] element (£775)

a disabled worker element (£2,530)

a severely disabled worker element (£1,075)

a 50+...

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Date: 2018-04-03 04:01:06

Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981 - Wikipedia

Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Economic Recovery Tax Act of 1981

Long title

An act to amend the Internal Revenue Code of 1954 to encourage economic growth through reduction of the tax rates for individual taxpayers, acceleration of the capital cost recovery of investment in plant, equipment, and real property, and incentives for savings, and for other...

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Date: 2018-04-04 18:47:25

Payroll tax - Wikipedia

See also: Taxation in the United States and Federal Insurance Contributions Act tax

In the United States, payroll taxes are assessed by the federal government, some of the fifty states (Alaska, Florida, Nevada, South Dakota, Texas, Washington, and Wyoming do not have state income tax; New Hampshire and Tennessee only tax income from interest and dividends), the District of Columbia, and numerous...

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Date: 2018-04-04 16:11:44

Indian tax forms - Wikipedia

Form 10BA[ edit ]

Form 10BA is a document that is used by a certain section of assessees while filing income tax returns in India. The form is a declaration by the assessee. The format is specified by the Income Tax Department of India.

Form 10BA applies to a certain section of assessees who are required to claim deductions under section 80GG. This declaration is filed by the assessee himself....

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Date: 2018-03-31 11:06:52

Capital gains tax in Australia - Wikipedia

Capital gains tax (CGT), in the context of the Australian taxation system , is a tax applied to the capital gain made on the disposal of any asset, with a number of specific exemptions, the most significant one being the family home. Rollover provisions apply to some disposals, one of the most significant of which are transfers to beneficiaries on death, so that the CGT is not a quasi death duty...

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Date: 2018-03-20 07:52:18

Tax consolidation - Wikipedia

United States consolidated returns[ edit ]

United States federal income tax rules permit commonly controlled corporations to file a consolidated return. [1] The income tax and credits of the consolidated group are computed as if the group were a single taxpayer. Intercorporate dividends are eliminated. Once a group has elected to file a consolidated return, all members joining the group must...

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Date: 2018-04-03 05:22:37

Value-added tax - Wikipedia

History[ edit ]

Germany and France were the first countries to implement VAT, doing so in the form of a general consumption tax during World War I. [6] The modern variation of VAT was first implemented by France in the 1950s. [6] Maurice Lauré , Joint Director of the France Tax Authority, the Direction Générale des Impôts implemented the VAT on 10 April 1954, although German industrialist Dr....

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Date: 2018-04-05 19:37:47

Value-added tax - Wikipedia

History[ edit ]

Germany and France were the first countries to implement VAT, doing so in the form of a general consumption tax during World War I. [6] The modern variation of VAT was first implemented by France in the 1950s. [6] Maurice Lauré , Joint Director of the France Tax Authority, the Direction Générale des Impôts implemented the VAT on 10 April 1954, although German industrialist Dr....

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Date: 2018-04-05 13:21:24

Taxation of private equity and hedge funds - Wikipedia

Taxation of private equity and hedge funds

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Jump to: navigation , search

For general information on private equity and hedge funds, see Private equity and hedge fund .

For detailed information on private equity fund structures, see Private equity fund and private equity firm .

The examples and perspective in this article may not represent a worldwide view of...

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Date: 2018-04-03 05:24:21

Tax sale - Wikipedia

General[ edit ]

The governmental entity can be any level of government which can assess and collect property taxes or other governmental debt, such as counties (parishes, in the case of Louisiana), cities, townships (in New England and other jurisdictions), and school districts (in places where they are independent of other governmental jurisdictions, such as in Texas).

State law offers the...

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Date: 2018-03-21 06:18:48

Tax sale - Wikipedia

General[ edit ]

The governmental entity can be any level of government which can assess and collect property taxes or other governmental debt, such as counties (parishes, in the case of Louisiana), cities, townships (in New England and other jurisdictions), and school districts (in places where they are independent of other governmental jurisdictions, such as in Texas).

State law offers the...

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Date: 2018-03-21 17:51:18

Tax sale - Wikipedia

General[ edit ]

The governmental entity can be any level of government which can assess and collect property taxes or other governmental debt, such as counties (parishes, in the case of Louisiana), cities, townships (in New England and other jurisdictions), and school districts (in places where they are independent of other governmental jurisdictions, such as in Texas).

State law offers the...

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Date: 2018-03-21 13:30:57

Withholding tax - Wikipedia

See also: Payroll tax

Most developed countries operate a wage withholding tax system. In some countries, subnational governments require wage withholding so that both national and subnational taxes may be withheld. In the U.S. , [1] Canada , [2] and others, the federal and most state or provincial governments, as well as some local governments, require such withholding for income taxes on...

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Date: 2018-04-03 05:21:59

Dividend tax - Wikipedia

39.6%

20%

Soon after, Congress passed the Jobs and Growth Tax Relief Reconciliation Act of 2003 (JGTRRA), which included some of the cuts Bush requested and which he signed into law on May 28, 2003. Under the new law, qualified dividends are taxed at the same rate as long-term capital gains , which is 15 percent for most individual taxpayers. Qualified dividends received by individuals in the 10%...

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Date: 2018-04-03 05:20:21

Tax return (Canada) - Wikipedia

The lead section of this article may need to be rewritten. The reason given is: it does not explain what a tax return is. Please discuss this issue on the article's talk page . Use the lead layout guide to ensure the section follows Wikipedia's norms and to be inclusive of all essential details.

(March 2015)

This article needs additional citations for verification . Please help improve this...

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Date: 2018-03-22 15:45:24

Form 1099 - Wikipedia

7 References

Significance for payee's tax return[ edit ]

Payees use the information provided on the 1099 forms to help them complete their own tax returns . In order to save paper, payers can give payees one single Combined Form 1099 that lists all of their 1099 transactions for the entire year. Taxpayers are usually not required to attach Form 1099s to their own Federal income tax returns unless...

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Date: 2018-04-03 05:21:43

Taxation in Norway - Wikipedia

Magnus Lagabøte's Landslov

National Archival Services of Norway

Taxation in Norway can be traced back to the petty kingdoms before the unification of Norway . The kings of the petty kingdoms were not permanent residents of one single royal estate, but were moving around in their kingdom, staying for a while at royal estates in each part of it. The peasants in the area where the king stayed, were...

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Date: 2018-04-04 20:12:47

Liberty Tax Service - Wikipedia

Products and services[ edit ]

Assisted Tax Preparation Services: Consumers may choose to visit from more than 4,000 locations in the United States and Canada.

Online Tax Filing Services: Consumers may select from one of the companies online websites:

Liberty Tax Online: tax preparation software with EZ, Basic, Deluxe and Premium editions for simple returns, families, investors and small business...

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Date: 2018-03-26 03:33:45

Tax file number - Wikipedia

History[ edit ]

TFNs have been used by the ATO since the 1930s. [4] The TFN itself was either 8 or 9 digits, with a check digit. Individuals received a 9 digit TFN and non-individuals received an 8 digit TFN. The quote of the TFN was not obligatory when, for example, lodging a tax return, though failing to quote one may delay the processing of the tax return.

In May 1988, following the demise of...

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Date: 2018-03-31 22:09:03

Child tax credit - Wikipedia

Germany[ edit ]

Germany has a programme called the "Kinderfreibetrag"  ( de ) which functions as a tax credit. The child allowance is an allowance in German tax law, which a certain amount of money is tax-free in the taxation of parents. In the income tax fee paid, child benefit and tax savings through the child tax credit are compared against each other, and the parents pay whichever results in...

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Date: 2018-04-03 05:21:36

Tax return (United Kingdom) - Wikipedia

8 External links

Income tax self-assessment[ edit ]

Most employees paying tax under the PAYE system are not required to file a tax return, because the PAYE system operates to withhold the correct amount of tax from their wages or salaries. However, some tax payers, including employees, may have income that has not been taxed at source and needs to be declared to HMRC, usually by submitting a self...

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Date: 2018-04-03 19:18:42

Tax bracket - Wikipedia

35%

Internal Revenue Code terminology[ edit ]

Gross Salary is the amount your employer pays you, plus your income tax liability. Although the tax itself is included in this figure, it is typically the one used when discussing one's pay. For example, John gets paid $50/hour as an electrical engineer. His annual gross salary is $50/hour x 2,000 hours/year = $100,000/year. Of this, some is paid to...

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Date: 2018-04-03 05:21:04

Capital gains tax - Wikipedia

Cyprus[ edit ]

As determined by the Cyprus Capital Gains Tax Law, Capital gains tax in Cyprus arising from the sale or disposition of immovable property in Cyprus or the disposal of shares of companies which own immovable property in Cyprus and not listed in a recognised stock exchange. These gains are not added to other income but are taxed separately. Payment of immovable property tax is paid...

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Date: 2018-04-03 18:23:49

Capital gains tax - Wikipedia

Cyprus[ edit ]

As determined by the Cyprus Capital Gains Tax Law, Capital gains tax in Cyprus arising from the sale or disposition of immovable property in Cyprus or the disposal of shares of companies which own immovable property in Cyprus and not listed in a recognised stock exchange. These gains are not added to other income but are taxed separately. Payment of immovable property tax is paid...

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Date: 2018-04-03 18:23:47

Income tax audit - Wikipedia

Purpose[ edit ]

The purpose of a tax audit or a return examination is to determine whether reports filed with the taxing authorities are correct. [2] The tax agencies identify and resolve taxpayer errors. [3]

There are several different methods used to select individuals and businesses for examination.

Third party documentation[ edit ]

Employers and financial institutions, among other...

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Date: 2018-03-21 21:46:44

Rate of return - Wikipedia

{\displaystyle \ln \left({\frac {103.02}{100}}\right)=2.98\%}

.

To calculate the capital gain for US income tax purposes, include the reinvested dividends in the cost basis. The investor received a total of $4.06 in dividends over the year, all of which were reinvested, so the cost basis increased by $4.06.

Cost Basis = $100 + $4.06 = $104.06

Capital gain/loss = $103.02 - $104.06 = -$1.04 (a...

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Date: 2018-04-05 10:01:34

Nonprofit organization - Wikipedia

Stichting van openbaar nut (Dutch, abbreviated son) or Fondation d'utilités publique (French, abbreviated fup).

These three kinds of nonprofit organization are in contrast to a fourth:

Feitelijke vereniging (Dutch) or Association de fait (French), an informal organization, often started for a short-term project, or managed alongside another NPO that does not have any status in law so cannot...

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Date: 2018-04-04 20:38:17

Goods and services tax (Australia) - Wikipedia

The legislation was passed on 28 June 1999 as A New Tax System (Goods and Services Tax) Act 1999. It gained assent on 8 July 1999 and came into operation on 1 July 2000.

Legal framework[ edit ]

All Australian businesses whose turnover is above the minimum threshold (currently $75,000 per annum) are required to register for GST. Businesses whose turnover is below the threshold may register if they...

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Date: 2018-04-03 02:10:28

Low-Income Housing Tax Credit - Wikipedia

The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) was hastily[ citation needed ] added to TRA86 to provide some balance and encourage investment in multifamily housing for those in need of affordable rental housing options. Over the subsequent 20 years, it has become an extremely effective tool[ citation needed ] for developing affordable rental housing, but less efficient economically[ citation needed ]...

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Date: 2018-03-22 17:56:38

Tax return (Australia) - Wikipedia

Australian tax returns for the tax year beginning 1 July and ending 30 June of the following year are generally due on 31 October after the end of the tax year. [1]

Australian individual taxpayers can file their return online with the ATO's myTax software, by ordering a printed copy of the tax return form, or with the assistance...

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Date: 2018-03-22 13:01:49

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